Bihar gets pat for agriculture revolution
PATNA: Record paddy production in Bihar during 2011-12 and the current financial year figured in the budget speech of Union finance minister P Chidambaram. CM Nitish Kumar complimented agriculture minister Narendra Singh for Bihar getting appreciation from Chidambaram.
Bihar, West Bengal, Assam and Chhattisgarh, all paddy producing states, will get Rs 1,000 crore for the second green revolution, the finance minister said.
This record production of paddy and other grains could be possible due to use of new techniques and organic method of farming besides other methods devised under the agri road map. Bihar now ranks among the frontline states in agriculture production in the country.
Agriculture production commissioner Alok Kumar Sinha said the use of systematic root intensification (SRI) technique in paddy crop and green manuring of paddy field gave very high yield of paddy in 2011-12. This prompted the agriculture officials to use the SRI technique for higher wheat production as well. He said greater use of vermi compost and other organic fertilizers in farms worked wonders.
An increase in seed replacement rate and agriculture mechanization, particularly the use of zero tillage equipment to sow the seeds immediately after harvesting of the paddy crop, enhanced wheat production.
According to state government statistics, rice production in financial year 2009-10 was Rs 36.4 lakh tones, which increased to 81.87 lakh tones in 2011-12. Due to drought in 2010-11, rice production had dropped to 31.12 lakh tonnes. The agriculture department has, in 2012-13, projected production of 85 lakh tonnes of rice. In kharif season 2012, diesel subsidy was given to the paddy growers to enable them to irrigate their farm as the monsoon had been delayed, said agriculture specialist Anil Kumar Jha.
A farmer from Darveshpura in Nalanda district had created a world record of 224 quintals of paddy per hectare, for which he had received special award from the President.
The wheat production increased from 44.03 lakh tonnes in 2009-10 to 50.94 lakh MT in 2010-11 and 63.30 lakh tonnes in 2011-12. The projected wheat production in 2012-13 is 73 lakh tonnes, Jha said. The paddy productivity had increased from 10.94 quintals per hectare in 2010-11 (when there was drought in many parts of the state) to 24.63 quintal per hectare.