Of what King Vishala left behind in Bihar!
Various types of antiquities, including a gold bead with the terracotta naga figurines and a pendant in terracotta depicting image of Vishnu, have been recovered during the excavation at Raja Vishal Ka Garh in Vaishali district of Bihar.
Other than a gold bead and a pendant, antiquities like terracotta human, animal and bird figurines, plaque, beads, sling balls, sealing, skin rubber and stamp were also found during the excavation. Among the stone objects are beads of semi-precious stone (Carnelian, Jasper, banded agate), pestle, sharpener, bone points, beads, antler, hair pin, metal objects like coin (copper cast coin), iron nail, spear head and knife.
Superintending Archaeologist of Archaeological Survey of India, Patna Circle, Dr Sanjay Kumar Munjal told The Pioneer that the Vishal Ka Garh was located at Vaishali, about 60 km north of Patna.
According to the tradition, the site is associated with King Vishala of epic fame who is believed to be the founder of Vaishali. The nature of the site denotes a fortified city having rectangular on plan with the evidence of an ancient tank within it.
Munjal said that a fortification wall, running north-south orientation erected over the mud rampart of the Sunga period has been found. This wall can be ascribed to the Kushana and further raised during Gupta period in the three successive phases.
One of the wall has been identified with the Kushana`s period which is sealing the exposed ring well, which has altogether 18 rings, he added.
Large quantity of ceramic fragments belonging to NBPW period has been recovered during the excavation, These ceramic fragments are categorized under black and red ware (vase), NBPW (dish and bowl of copper, golden, silver and steel grey in colour) and grey ware (dish and bowl), black-slipped ware (dish, bowl, small/miniature pot), red ware (vase, handi, miniature pot, basin, pan, bowl, dish). Little quantity of pottery, belonging to the Sunga period has been found from mud rampart area in limited operation and from the cutting of a particular layer. Among the wares are NBPW, black slipped ware, grey ware and red ware. The shapes are bowl, dish, lipped pan, vase and others.